Medical Education in India – Statistics

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1. Ministry allows a medical college to be started on a 10-acre plot in nine cities – Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, Delhi, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Kanpur and Pune. The list is being expanded and will include Orissa, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Rajasthan.

2. The ministry will allow these states to have split campuses – hospital and medical college within 10km of each other.

3. India has a density of one medical college per 38.41 lakhs.

4. Around 315 medical colleges are spread across 188 of 642 districts.

5. There is only one medical college for 115 lakhs in Bihar, UP (95 lakhs), Madhya Pradesh (73 lakhs) and Rajasthan (68 lakhs), whereas Kerala, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu each have medical college for 15 lakhs, 16 lakhs and 19 lakhs, respectively.

6. India has the largest number of medical colleges in the world.

7. India produces over 30,000 doctors and 18,000 specialists every year.

8. India’s average annual output is 100 graduates per medical college in comparison to 110 in North America, Central Europe (125), Western Europe (149) and Eastern Europe (220). China, which has 188 colleges, churns out 1,75,000 doctors annually with an average of 930 graduates per college.

9. The high-power expert group (HLEG) of the Planning Commission working on universal health coverage has proposed a phased addition of 187 colleges. By 2015 under phase A, 59 new medical colleges will admit students in the 15 states of Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, UP and West Bengal.

10. By 2017, 13 of these states will have an additional 70 medical colleges, and by 2022, 58 additional colleges will be built in two additional phases (2017-20 and 2020-22). By 2022, India will have one medical college per 25 lakhs in all states except Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal.

11. This will enable the additional availability of 1.2 lakh doctors by 2017 and another 1.9 lakh doctors between 2017 and 2022. Planning Commission’s high-level expert group (HLEG) target of one doctor per 1,000 will be achieved by 2028.

12. The number of allopathic doctors registered with MCI has increased since 1974 to 6.12 lakhs in 2011 – a ratio of 1 doctor for 1,953, or a density of 0.5 doctors per 1,000.