To prevent HIV is to start early treatment

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Treat all HIV positive cases: The HPTN 052 trial has become one of medicine’s most heralded reports and the recipient of the Science award for Breakthrough of the Year in 2011, leading to substantial practice changes in 2012.

The 052 trial included 1763 couples, of which one partner had HIV infection and the other was HIV-negative. The infected partners were randomly assigned to either HIV treatment or placebo.

Results showed 39 transmissions in the placebo group and none in the treatment group.