Heart disease starts in youth

Health Care Comments Off

Autopsy studies of young people who died in accidents have shown that by the late teens, the heart blockages, the kind of lesions that cause heart attacks and strokes are in the process of developing
The best opportunity to prevent heart disease is to look at children and adolescents and start the preventive process early. More than a third of children and adolescents are overweight or obese.

The first signs that men are at higher risk of heart disease than women appear during the adolescent years despite the fact that boys lose fat and gain muscle in adolescence, while girls add body fat.

Between the ages of 11 and 19, levels of triglycerides, a type of blood fat associated with cardiovascular disease, increases in the boys and drops in the girls. Levels of HDL cholesterol, the “good” kind that helps keep arteries clear, go down in boys but rise in girls.

Blood pressure increases in both, but significantly more in boys. Insulin resistance, a marker of cardiovascular risk, which is lower in boys at age 11, rises until the age of 19 years.

Any protection that the young women have for cardiovascular protection can be wiped out by obesity and hence obesity in girls at any cost should be handled on priority.

Water Hygiene

Health Care Comments Off

Safe water is an essential commodity for prevention of most water and food-borne diseases like diarrhea, typhoid and jaundice. These diseases are 100% preventable. All of them can be lethal if not prevented,
diagnosed or treated in time.
Transmission of parasitic infections can also occur with contaminated water. Here are a few tips:

i. Travelers should avoid consuming tap water.
ii. Avoid ice made from tap water.
iii. Avoid any food rinsed in tap water.
iv. Chlorination kills most bacterial and viral pathogens.
v. Chlorination does not kill giardia cysts.
vi. Chlorination does not kill amoeba cysts.
vii. Chlorination does not kill cryptosporidium.
viii. Boiled water is safe.
ix. Treated water is safe.
x. Bottled water is safe.
xi. Carbonated drinks, wine and drinks made with boiled water are safe.
xii. Freezing does not kill the organisms that cause diarrhea. Ice in drinks is not safe unless it has been made from adequately boiled or filtered water.
xiii. Alcohol does not sterilize water or the ice. Mixed drinks may still be contaminated.
xiv. Hot tea and coffee are the best alternates to boiled water.
xv. Bottled drinks should be requested without ice and should be drunk from the bottle with a straw rather than with a glass.
xvi. Boiling water for 3 minutes followed by cooling to room temperature will kill bacterial parasites.
xvii. Adding two drops of 5% sodium hydrochloride (bleach) to quarter of water (1 liter) will kill most bacteria in 30 minutes.
xviii. Adding five drops of tincture of iodine to a quarter of water (1 liter) will kill bacteria within 30 minutes.

Jaslok hospital advises doctors against prescribing Ranbaxy drugs

Health Care Comments Off

Jaslok Mumbai hospital has put up a notice advising its doctors to avoid prescribing drugs manufactured by Ranbaxy Laboratories. This comes a fortnight after Ranbaxy Laboratories agreed to pay a $500-million penalty to US authorities for “selling adulterated drugs” in the American market. It is not known whether the two are linked, reports TOI.
In 2008-09, the US Food and Drug Administration found the company had not followed adequate rules in manufacturing drugs meant for the American market. This resulted in a ban of around 30 Ranbaxy drugs.

« Previous Entries