Normal Aging Changes

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1. The heart rate shows less variability.
2. There is altered circadian pattern (24–hour cycle of the body).
3. There is a delayed response of bone marrow to loss of blood or hypoxia (reduced oxygen).
4. The function of the white blood cells is impaired.
5. Advancing age is a procoagulant stage. This means that the blood gets clotted easily.
6. Reflux of the stomach acid in the food pipe is common.
7. Tendency to constipation is common.
8. Painkillers can quite easily cause ulcers in the stomach.
9. Renal functions decline with age.
10. Older kidney is more prone to be damaged with painkillers.
11. Calcification of heart valves may occur.
12. The maximum heart rate may not reach the level as that in the young age in response to exercise.
13. About one–third of the lung volume may be lost.
14. Aging slows the rate of fracture repair.
15. Skin may become atrophic (thin) and elasticity is reduced.
16. A person may not be able to read small print.
17. There may be impaired speech recognition in noisy environment.
18. There may be loss of taste.
19. There may be loss of smell.
20. There may be high frequency hearing loss.
21. Immunity may be reduced.
22. With age, one is more prone to get urinary tract infection.
23. With age ejaculation may get impaired.