Natural foods and not supplements prevent heart disease

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One should take seasonal and locally grown natural food and vegetables grown in organic farms.

Eat less, dinner lighter then the lunch, eat natural and in moderation are few of the mantras. Taking food supplements can be harmful.

According to the American Heart Association (AHA), supplementation with beta carotene and vitamin E, either alone or in combination with each other or other antioxidant vitamins does not prevent heart disease.

High dose vitamin E supplementation (400 IU/day) may be associated with an increase in all-cause mortality.

Supplementation with vitamin C does not prevent second heart attack.

Beta carotene supplementation may be dangerous and should be discouraged.

Vitamin E supplementation may be of benefit for only secondary prevention of heart patients with chronic renal failure who are undergoing hemodialysis.

The AHA concluded that current data do not justify the use of antioxidant supplements for the prevention or treatment of cardiovascular disease risk.

The above recommendations apply to supplementation only. Diets high in natural antioxidants are associated with lower cardiovascular mortality.

Difference between fog and smog

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Whenever the humidity is high, air movement is less and the temperature is low, fog is the automatic choice. It reduces visibility and more accidents are reported on the roads and delay in both railway and airlines services. When the level of pollution is high in the atmosphere, the pollutant particles get mixed into the fog reducing its visibility further and the resultant is called as smog. Smog is very dangerous to both lungs and the heart.

  1. High sulfur dioxide contents lead to precipitation of chronic bronchitis.
  2. High nitrogen dioxide contents lead to precipitation of asthma.
  3. High particulate matter (PM10), air pollutants sized between 2.5 to 10 microns, can damage the lungs and precipitate asthma due to air flow and inflammation.
  4. High contents of particulate matter (PM 2.5), air pollutants less than 2.5 micron in size can enter the lungs and damage the lung lining. They can also be absorbed and cause inflammation of the heart arteries.
  5. Patients with asthma and chronic bronchitis should get the dose of their medicine increased during smog days. One should avoid exerting in the presence of smog.
  6. It is better to avoid walking during smog hours.
  7. One should drive slowly during smog hours.
  8. Heart patients should stop their early morning walk during smog hours.
  9. Remember to take the flu, pneumonia vaccine.

Use painkillers with caution in the elderly

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Painkillers can cause stroke via irregular heart rhythm. Non selective non–steroidal anti–inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and new generation selective COX–2 inhibitors commonly used to treat inflammation are now linked to an increased risk of irregular heart rhythm called atrial fibrillation (AF), as per a Danish Research of 32602 patients led by Professor Henrik Toft Sørensen at Aarhus University Hospital in Denmark.

These drugs are already linked to increased risk of heart attacks and strokes. And now through AF, the risk gets intensified for stroke and new risk added of heart failure and death.

In the study compared with non users, new users (first drug within 60 days of diagnosis) showed 40% increased risk of AF with non–selective NSAIDS and 70% increased risk with COX–2 inhibitors. This means four extra cases of AF per year per 1000 new users of non–selective NSAIDS and seven extra cases of AF per 1000 new users of COX–2 inhibitors.

The risk was highest in the elderly, patients with chronic kidney disease or rheumatoid arthritis especially on COX–2 inhibitors. NSAIDs should be used very cautiously in older patients with a history of hypertension or heart failure.

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