Restricting salt in diet can lower heart disease risk

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Restricting salt in the diet can lower the risk of developing heart disease by 25% and the risk of dying from heart disease by 20%.

Dietary intake of sodium among Indians is excessively high. Among hypertensive individuals, lowering sodium is quite well established to lower blood pressure, but now it has been shown that reducing salt also has an effect on cardiovascular disease.

According to a Harvard Medical School study published in British Medical Journal, when people with pre hypertension (blood pressure more than 120/80 and lower than 140/90), reduced their salt intake by about 25 to 35%, they were 25% less likely to develop cardiovascular disease 10 to 15 years after the trial ended. There was also a 20 percent lower death rate from cardiovascular disease among those who cut their salt consumption.

Salt restriction is best achieved by avoiding salted, salt cured and salt smoked foods such as lunch meat, hot dogs, ham, olives, pickles and regular salted canned foods, and other prepared foods, which often use more salt than homemade equivalents. Foods we would never think of as salty, such as breakfast cereals, cookies, and even some soft drinks often contain copious additions of sodium.

WHO recommends limiting the salt intake to less than 5 grams per day.

The New IMA Year Starts

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1st day was a different experience. Get stuck up at airport. The flight which was to take off at 7 PM took off at 10:45 PM. Reached Delhi at 12 Midnight and was redirected back to Ahmedabad.

At 3 AM we landed in a Hotel and reboarded the flight at 9 AM to reach IMA office.

The airline staff could not handle the crisis very well. And that was the learning of the day.

Today at IMA we finalized the concept of age friendly clinics and will come out with accreditation policy in three months.

Long Live IMA!!

Hypothermia and older adults: Tips for staying safe in cold weather

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Hypothermia is generally defined as having a core body temperature of 95 degrees Fahrenheit or lower and can occur when the outside environment gets too cold or the body’s heat production decreases. Older adults are especially vulnerable to hypothermia because their bodies’ response to cold can be diminished by underlying medical conditions such as diabetes and by use of some medicines, including over–the–counter cold remedies. Hypothermia can develop in older adults after relatively short exposure to cold weather or even a small drop in temperature.

An individual may suffer from hypothermia if he or she has been exposed to cool temperatures and shows one or more of the following signs: slowed or slurred speech; sleepiness or confusion; shivering or stiffness in the arms and legs; poor control over body movements; slow reactions, or a weak pulse.

Here are a few tips to help older people avoid hypothermia.

  • Make sure your home is warm enough.
  • Set the thermostat to at least 68 to 70 degrees.
  • Even mildly cool homes with temperatures from 60 to 65 degrees can lead to hypothermia in older people.
  • To stay warm at home, wear long underwear under your clothes, along with socks and slippers.
  • Use a blanket to keep your legs and shoulders warm and wear a hat or cap indoors.
  • When going outside in the cold, it is important to wear a hat, scarf, and gloves or mittens to prevent loss of body heat through your head and hands. A hat is particularly important because a large portion of body heat can be lost through the head.
  • Wear several layers of warm loose clothing to help trap warm air between the layers.
  • Check if any prescription or over–the–counter medications you are taking may increase your risk for hypothermia.
  • Remember hypothermia with no shivering is a bad sign
  • In India, wear a monkey cap.

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