A Soda a Day Ups CVD Risk by 30%: NHANES Study

Health Care Comments Off

American adults consume on average about 15% of their calories from sugars added to foods during processing, with a whopping 37% of the added sugar consumed in sugar–sweetened beverages, suggests an analysis of data extending back about 25 years.

Regularly drinking as little as one 12–ounce sugary soda a day may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease by about 30%—independent of total calories, obesity, or other risk factors, as per a study in JAMA Internal Medicine.

Epidemiologic studies have linked high consumption of added sugar with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, obesity and hypertension.

The American Heart Association recommends less than 100 calories a day (about 5% of total daily calories) for women and 150 calories a day (about 7.5% of total daily calories) for men from added sugars.

The risk of CVD mortality becomes elevated once added sugar intake surpasses 15% of daily calories—equivalent to drinking one 20–ounce Mountain Dew soda in a 2000-calorie daily diet.

The risk rises exponentially as sugar intake increases, peaking with a fourfold increased risk of CVD death for individuals who consume one–third or more of their daily calories in added sugar.

eMedinewS Recommendations

  • Do not consume > 80 ml of cold drinks in a day
  • Avoid sweets containing > 30% sugar.

How to prevent arthritis froms lowingyou down

Health Care Comments Off
  1. Keep moving
    • Avoid holding one position for long.
    • While working get up and stretch every 15 minutes.
  2. Discover your strength
    • Put the strongest joints and muscles to work.
    • Push open heavy doors with the side of the arm or shoulder. It will protect finger and wrist joints.
    • While climbing up let the strong leg lead you and while going down let the weaker leg lead you. It will reduce hip or knee stress.
  3. Plan ahead
    • Simplify and organize your routines so you minimize movements that are difficult or painful.
    • Keep items you need for cooking, cleaning, or hobbies near where they are needed
    • Have multiple sets of cleaning supplies, one for the kitchen and one for the bathroom
  4. Make use of labor-saving devices and adaptive aids.
    • Long-handled grippers, can be designed to grasp and retrieve out-of-reach objects.
    • Rubber grips can help one get a better handle on faucets, pens, toothbrushes and silverware.
  5. Ask for help.
    • Only a very small percentage of people with arthritis become severely disabled and get dependent on others.
    • Educate family members and friends about how arthritis affects you.
    • Don’t be afraid to ask for help when you need it.

(Source Harvard Healthbeat)

Tobacco, drug use in pregnancy can double risk of stillbirth

Health Care Comments Off

Smoking tobacco or marijuana, taking prescription painkillers, or using illegal drugs during pregnancy is associated with double or even triple the risk of stillbirth, according to research Funded by the National Institutes of Health.

Researchers based their findings on measurements of the chemical byproducts of nicotine in maternal blood samples; and cannabis, prescription painkillers and other drugs in umbilical cords. Taking direct measurements provided more precise information than did previous studies of stillbirth and substance use that relied only on women’s self–reporting. The study findings appear in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology.

“Smoking is a known risk factor for stillbirth, but this analysis gives us a much clearer picture of the risks than before,” said senior author Uma M. Reddy, M.D., MPH, of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), the NIH institute that supported the study. “Additionally, results from the latest findings also showed that likely exposure to secondhand smoke can elevate the risk of stillbirth.” Stillbirth occurs when a fetus dies at or after 20 weeks of gestation.

The researchers tested the women’s blood for cotinine, a derivative of nicotine, and tested fetal umbilical cords for evidence of several types of drugs. They looked for evidence of the stimulants cocaine and amphetamine; prescription painkillers, such as morphine and codeine, and marijuana. These tests reflect exposure late in pregnancy. Among the women who had experienced a stillbirth, more than 80 percent showed no traces of cotinine and 93 percent tested negative for the other drugs. In comparison, about 90 percent of women who gave birth to a live infant tested tobacco–free and 96 percent tested negative for other drugs.

Based on the blood test results and women’s own responses, the researchers calculated the increased risk of stillbirth for each of the substances they examined:

  • Tobacco use — 1.8 to 2.8 times greater risk of stillbirth, with the highest risk found among the heaviest smokers
  • Marijuana use — 2.3 times greater risk of stillbirth
  • Evidence of any stimulant, marijuana or prescription painkiller use — 2.2 times greater risk of stillbirth
  • Passive exposure to tobacco — 2.1 times greater risk of stillbirth

The researchers noted that they could not entirely separate the effects of smoking tobacco from those of smoking marijuana.

Only a small number of women tested positive for prescription painkiller use, but there was a trend towards an association of these drugs with an elevated stillbirth risk.

« Previous Entries