Medical tourism is showing a steady growth in India

Health Care, Heart Care Foundation of India Comments Off

Lower cost of treatment, government policies to make conditions conducive for tourists, form some of the reasons for this growth

New Delhi, 07 November 2017: Medical tourism is seeing a steady growth in the country as per recent statistics. What currently stands at 3 billion dollars is expected to grow to about 7 to 8 billion dollars by the year 2020. India issued more than 1.78 lakh medical visas in the year 2016. As per the IMA, some of the major reasons for this increase in medical tourism in the country include the presence of world-class hospitals and skilled medical professionals. Apart from this, the cost of treatment for various major surgeries in India is only a fraction or even as low as 10% of that in many developed countries.

Medical tourism is the process of traveling outside the country of residence for receiving medical care. This originally referred to the travel of patients from less-developed countries to developed nations in pursuit of the treatments not available in their homeland. Another major reason for the rise in medical tourism in India is the availability of alternative treatment options such as Ayurveda and Naturopathy.

Speaking about this, Padma Shri Awardee Dr K K Aggarwal, National President Indian Medical Association (IMA) and President Heart Care Foundation of India (HCFI) and Dr RN Tandon – Honorary Secretary General IMA in a joint statement, said, “Medical tourism has been a major growth sector globally. The exorbitant healthcare costs in the affluent Western countries have made healthcare out of reach for even their citizens. Consequently, they are now looking beyond their borders to seek medical treatment. India has emerged as a prime destination in the last few years for people across the globe in need of medical treatment. Affordability, high quality healthcare, availability of specialist treatment and advanced technologies are just a few reasons that have made India a much sought-after destination. Furthermore, the diversity of its flora and fauna, its natural beauty including a rich and vibrant cultural heritage has already put India on the tourist map. Many facilities in India have become a destination for learning and healing together. One can opt for a complete body detox using Yoga techniques and learn them too.”

India now has a simplified e-medical visa facility which allows three visits to the country. The government is also taking steps to address other areas such as standardization and accreditation of services.

Adding further, Dr Aggarwal, said, “Tourism also contributes a fair share to the economy of a country. Therefore, the government has important roles to play in the development and refinement of medical tourism in India, not only as a regulator but also as a facilitator. In view of this, the government of India has constituted a Medical and Wellness Tourism Board as a dedicated institution to guide the promotion and positioning of India as a competent and credible medical and wellness tourism destination.”

IMA is a member of National Medical and Wellness Tourism Board. The following recommendations are likely to be implemented.

  • Government to facilitate e-Medical Visa.
  • Normally e-Visa given for 60 days but e-Medical Visa will be for 6 months.
  • e-Visa will have a permission for double entry, but e-Medical Visa will permit Triple entry.
  • e-Visa will be extendable to e-Medical Visa.
  • e-Medical Visa will be available at five major Indian Ports i.e. Mumbai, Cochin, Goa, Chennai and Mangalore.
  • e-Medical Visa will be available for 161 countries.
  • Presently, medical attendants are given Visa, but the Committee has recommended that medical attendants should also be given e-Medical Visa.
  • The Committee also recommended that all hospitals should have a common Greet and Meet Counter and it should be at major Airports / Ports.
  • Free SIM card at entry will be given to e-Medical Visa patient.
  • Committee have recommended a Translation App at Airports/ Ports.
  • All Medical Tourism Hospitals will have to be NABH or JCI Accredited. We are pushing for IMA accreditation also.
  • The Committee also recommended that fee for e-Visa and e-Medical Visa should be the same.

Air pollution causes millions of CKD cases globally each year

Health Care, Medicine Comments Off

The estimated global burden of chronic kidney disease CKD attributable to air pollution fine particulate matter PM less than 2.5 m is significant amounting to more than 10.7 million cases per year. The researchers used the Global Burden of Disease study methodologies to estimate the burden of CKD attributable to air pollution. Epidemiologic measures of the burden of CKD attributable to air pollution included years living with disability YLD meaning years living with kidney disease years of life lost YLL meaning early death attributable to kidney disease and disability adjusted life years DALY a measure that combines the burden of living with the disease and the early death caused by the disease . The global annual burden of incident CKD attributable to high PM2.5 levels was 10 784 514 95 Uncertainty Interval 7 821 109 13 857 623 . YLD YLL and DALYs of CKD attributable to high PM2.5 were 2 185 317 1 418 442 3 061 477 7 897 941 5 471 081 10 514 433 and 10 083 258 7 064 399 13 323 685 respectively. The study also found that burden of disease varies greatly by geography. India along with Nigeria Bangladesh and Pakistan had the high attributable burden of disease exceeding 200 incident cases of CKD per 100 000 population. India was also amongst the countries that reported highest DALYs that included Mexico Central America Southeast Asia and Northern Africa. DALYs per 100 000 were 366.71 251.05 498.01 in Nicaragua and 353.93 260.05 449.24 in Mexico compared to 44.59 24.07 65.74 in the United States. These findings were presented at the recently concluded ASN Kidney Week 2017 in New Orleans Louisiana USA. Keeping BP cholesterol body weight blood sugar within healthy limits avoiding overuse of OTC painkillers smoking eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly are some of the ways to protect kidney health. Air pollution has become a major threat to society today. Air pollution has been at an extremely high level particularly in the Delhi NCR region and continues to remain the hazardous category. Studies have shown that air pollution can damage the kidneys. A significant association between exposure to PM2.5 and risk of incident CKD decrease in estimated glomerular filtration rate eGFR and progression to end stage renal disease was reported online September 2 2017 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. It s now time perhaps to add air pollution PM2.5 to the list of risk factors for chronic kidney disease and recommend avoiding or limiting air pollution exposure to the list of measures generally advised to prevent delay chronic kidney disease. It has become important to also note the air pollution levels in different areas in your city before venturing out to avoid exposure to pollution. Source American Society of Nephrology News Release November 4 2017