Thyroid disorders can be hereditary and affect many Indians today

Health Care, Heart Care Foundation of India, Medicine 1 Comment

Autoimmune disorders are more common in women than men

New Delhi,15 July 2018: Nearly every third Indian suffers from some thyroid disorder, which most often causes weight gain and hormonal imbalances, and is more commonly seen in women, as per a study. Sub -clinical hypothyroidism, a milder form of hypothyroidism where the diagnosis is made unexpectedly, is the most prevalent form of thyroid disorder across the country with maximum cases being present in the eastern
part of the country.

Thyroid disorders are eight to ten times more common in women than in men. This is mainly because most of the times, they are autoimmune problems are all autoimmune disorders are more common in women.

Speaking about this, Padma Shri Awardee, Dr K K Aggarwal, President, HCFI, said, “The thyroid hormones are essential for normal functioning of organs. Any imbalance in these can lead to a deterioration in the quality of life. There are two kinds of thyroid disorders predominantly: hyperthyroidism which can further cause atrial fibrillation, osteoporosis and fractures; and hypothyroidism which can cause Myxedema coma and death. The most common cause of thyroid problems today is Autoimmune Thyroid Disease (AITD). This is a hereditary condition where the immune system produces antibodies which either stimulate the thyroid glands to overproduce hormones or leads to
destruction of glands that can cause underproduction of thyroid hormones.”

Symptoms of hyperthyroidism include weight loss, heat intolerance, poor sleep, thirst, excessive sweating, hand tremors, frequent bowel movements, racing of heart, weakness, anxiety, and insomnia. In hypothyroidism, an individual experiences weight gain on the face, lethargy, fatigue, constipation, slow heart rate, sensitivity to cold, dry skin, dull hair,
irregular periods, and infertility.

Adding further, Dr Aggarwal, who is also the Group Editor of IJCP, said, “A CT scan or ultrasound can detect thyroid nodules present with swelling on the lower side of front of neck. A growing neck mass can also indicate thyroid cancer along with difficulty while swallowing or change in voice.”

Some tips from HCFI

- Hypothyroidism is linked to weight gain. Thus, a person with this condition can find it difficult to lose weight. Consume a diet rich in fibre and low in fat to maintain a healthy weight.
- Although it may be difficult to get moving in those with a sluggish thyroid, it is a good idea to push yourself to do some physical activity.
- Stress is known to exacerbate thyroid disorders. Do something to reduce those stress levels. It could be yoga, meditation, dance, or anything.
- Know the symptoms Understand what the common symptoms of thyroid cancer are.
- Get Tested Have your GP check for nodules and test TSH levels every few years if you have risk factors for cancer.