Cardiopulmonary resuscitation must be taught to everyone to save lives

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On World Heart Day, awareness is needed on the importance of initiating CPR within the first 10 minutes of a sudden cardiac arrest

Delhi, September 23, 2019: According to recent estimates, there are about 25 to 45 deaths in Delhi every day due to sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). The condition is emerging as the number one cause of mortality in India. With World Heart Day around the corner, there is a need to raise awareness on training people in essential life saving techniques such as cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and installing automatic external defibrillators (AEDs) in public places.

CPR is the most crucial and basic procedure to save a life in the event of an SCA. There is substantial evidence to suggest that CPR is effective in the first 10 minutes of cardiac arrest. After 10 minutes, there is practically no chance of recovery unless the patient is in hypothermia.

Speaking about this, Padma Shri Awardee, Dr KK Aggarwal, President, Heart Care Foundation of India (HCFI), said, “Sudden cardiac arrest is more fatal than a heart attack given that it can lead to death in a matter of minutes. It is caused due to a sudden and complete blockage of blood flow to the various body organs. Timely help is of utmost importance in such cases and initiating cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) within the first 10 minutes is important. The two pillars of community service include meaningful engagement and mindful participation. Learning the basics of CPR is community service at its best as it can help avert mortality through timely assistance, before medical help arrives. In case an ambulance reaches the patient very late or if there is an acute shortage of cardiac ambulances, an automatic external defibrillator (AED) installed at public places can help save lives in a timely manner.”

Defibrillation within 3 to 5 min of collapse can produce survival rates as high as 50% to 70%. Early defibrillation can be achieved through CPR providers using public access and on-site AEDs. Public access AED programmes should be actively implemented in public places that have a high density of citizens.

Adding further, Dr Aggarwal, said, “The CPR 10 was created so that the public could remember the process of revival after SCA. The CPR 10 Mantra is as follows: Within 10 minutes of cardiac arrest (earlier the better) for the next 10 minutes at least, compress the center of the chest with a speed of 100 compressions per minute (10×10). CPR 10 is easy to learn and easy to do and one does not need to be a doctor or be certified in this technique.”

There are three simple rules to be followed when a person suffers from SCA: Call the ambulance, check if the person is breathing or has a pulse and if not, then start chest compressions and continue for at least 30 minutes till medical help arrives. It is also imperative to not stop CPR too soon. The premise of a successful CPR is earlier the better and longer the better.

The Formula of 80 to prevent heart diseases· Keep your lower blood pressure, fasting sugar, abdominal circumference, resting heart rate and LDL cholesterol levels all below 80.

  • Walk 80 minutes each day; brisk walk 80 minutes a week with a speed of 80 steps per minute.
  • Eat less, not more than 80 gm/80 ml of caloric food in one meal. Do not eat carbohydrate–based refined cereals 80 days in a year to reduce chances of heart attack.
  • Take vitamin D through sunlight 80 days in a year.
  • Do not drink alcohol and if you drink, take less than 80 ml of whiskey in a day or less than 80 gm of whiskey in a week. Do not smoke or be ready for placement of stent costing Rs 80,000.
  • Give 80 minutes to yourself in a day.
  • When clapping, clap 80 times.
  • If you are a heart patient, ask your doctor to give 80 mg of aspirin and 80 mg of atorvastatin.
  • Donate blood 80 times in a lifetime to reduce chances of heart attack.
  • Avoid an atmosphere of more than 80 db of noise pollution.
  • While on treadmill, try to reach 80% of your heart rate.

Heart Care Foundation of India’s (HCFI) to organize its annual flagship event – the Perfect Health Mela in October 2019

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Some new attractions this year include health sutras on harm reduction

New Delhi, 23rd August 2019 : HCFI, a leading national non-profit organization, committed to making India a healthier and disease-free nation, today announced that its annual flagship event, the Perfect Health Mela will be organized from 18th to 20th October 2019 at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, New Delhi. The event completed 25 years in October 2018. The Mela is being jointly organised with the Health and Family Welfare Dept. NCT Delhi, DST and other central and Delhi state government departments.

The Perfect Health Mela is a one-of-its-kind event held every year with a mission to generate all-around awareness on health using entertainment as a medium. The theme last year was “Affordable Healthcare” and Dr Tusker, the friendly elephant, was the mascot for the event. Among the new additions to the Mela last year were the Perfect CSR Awards and the Everyday Mela. Free medical check-ups, a regular feature every year, will be provided to all visitors.

The theme this year is Harm Reduction.

Started in 1993, the Perfect Health Mela caters to people from all age groups and all walks of life. It showcases activities across categories such as health education seminars, check-ups, entertainment programmes, lifestyle exhibitions, lectures, workshops, and competitions. The Mela is attended by over 200 organizations each year including those from the state and central government, PSUs, and leading corporates.

Speaking about the Mela Padma Shri Awardee Dr KK Aggarwal, President HCFI & Past National President IMA said, “After a successful run as part of the 25th Silver Jubilee Year in October 2018, we are happy to announce the dates for the Perfect Health Mela this year as well. Over the years, the event has addressed several relevant themes and topics around health and access to healthcare, apart from providing a platform for organizations to showcase their capabilities. The Mela is attended by thousands of visitors. This year, the event promises to be bigger, better, and more exciting for everyone as we have introduced many new features.”

Some of the most attended events at the Mela include Harmony and Ecofest National inter-school competitions, Youth Rock Band/Orchestra Festival, Divya Jyoti Medical Masti Youth Festival, conferences, and Nukkad Natak. The HCFI recognizes that dance and music are an excellent medium for creating awareness albeit in an entertaining way. The Perfect Health Mela thus uses the mediums to spread awareness on various health-related topics.

For more information about the event, please visit Entry to the Mela is free for all.

Heart Care Foundation of India condoles the death of Former External Affairs Minister, Smt. Sushma Swaraj

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Stresses on the need to raise awareness on how kidney disorders are a major risk factor for heart attacks in future

New Delhi, 7 August 2019: The Heart Care Foundation of India (HCFI) condoles the death of former external affairs minister, Smt. Sushma Swaraj. An exemplary leader, the youngest cabinet minister, and the most prominent face of her party, she was a political personality with a human touch.

She was admitted to AIIMS and suffered a heart attack. She had also undergone treatment for kidney failure in 2016. Smt. Sushma Swaraj was just 67 and her untimely death calls for awareness on the co-relation between kidney disorders and heart attacks. Chronic kidney disease patients with kidney function less than 60% have an extremely high risk for future heart attacks.

Offering his condolences, Padma Shri Awardee, Dr K K Aggarwal, President, HCFI, said, “Smt. Sushma Swaraj was perhaps one of the most humane and dynamic women leaders of her time. Chronic kidney disease should be regarded as a coronary heart disease risk equivalent, akin to diabetes, as patients with the condition have high rates of cardiovascular events. Alternatively, people with underlying conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases, or an abnormal kidney structure, and a family history of the disease are also at an increased risk of kidney failure over time.”

Heart diseases are as common among women as men. Among the symptoms in women include atypical angina, in which they could experience discomfort in the shoulders, back, and neck. Apart from this, shortness of breath is often the first and only presenting symptom. The risk further increases with an underlying condition such as kidney failure.

The 8 Golden Rules to avoid or delay reaching the point of kidney failure are as follows.

  • Keep fit and active, it helps reduce your blood pressure and on the move for kidney health.
  • Keep regular control of your blood sugar level as about half of people who have diabetes develop kidney damage.
  • Monitor your blood pressure: It is also the most common cause of kidney damage. The normal blood pressure level is 120/80. Between this level and 129/89, you are considered prehypertensive and should adopt lifestyle and dietary changes. At 140/90 and above, you should discuss the risks with your doctor and monitor your blood pressure level regularly. High blood pressure is especially likely to cause kidney damage when associated with other factors like diabetes, high cholesterol and cardiovascular diseases.
  • Eat healthy and keep your weight in check as this can help prevent diabetes, heart disease and other conditions associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD).  Reduce your salt intake. The recommended sodium intake is 5-6 grams of salt per day (around a teaspoon). In order to reduce your salt intake, try and limit the amount of processed and restaurant food and do not add salt to food. It will be easier to control your intake if you prepare the food yourself with fresh ingredients.
  • Maintain a healthy fluid intake: Traditional wisdom has long suggested drinking 1.5 to 2 liters (3 to 4 pints) of water per day. Consuming plenty of fluid helps the kidneys clear sodium, urea and toxins from the body which, in turn, results in a “significantly lower risk” of developing chronic kidney disease. However, do not advocate “aggressive fluid loading”, which can cause side effects.
  • Do not smoke as it slows the flow of blood to the kidneys. Smoking also increases the risk of kidney cancer by about 50%.
  • Do not take over-the-counter pills on a regular basis: drugs like ibuprofen are known to cause kidney damage and disease if taken regularly.
  • Get kidney function checked if you have one or more of the ‘high risk’ factors.

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