International Travel during Coronavirus Period: CMAAO Guidelines

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The present Diamond Princess cruise ship with coronavirus outbreak has urged us to revisit our travel checklist when visiting any country.

Travel advisories are of four types -

  • Level 1 in all countries (Exercise normal standard hygiene precautions)
  • Level 2 in all affected countries (Exercise a high degree of caution)
  • Level 3 in all countries with secondary cases (Reconsider need to travel)
  • Level 4 in affected parts of China and Korea (Do not travel)
  1. Keep the possibility of being quarantined for 14 days in any country.
  2. Carry at least 20 days extra essential medicines stock.
  3. Always keep the passport, kept in a plastic pouch, in a safe front pocket with you in case you need to leave the country in emergency.
  4. Always carry your medicines’ authentic prescription with you with generic names of the drugs.
  5. Always carry some dry fruits with you.
  6. Always book a refundable air ticket even if they are 10% costlier.
  7. Always carry a photocopy of passport and visa.
  8. Always get travel insurance. Remember most standard policies wont cover you for Do not travel destinations.
  9. Understand that you could die. Make sure you have an up-to-date will and an abiding power of attorney. Designate appropriate insurance beneficiaries.
  10. Never travel to countries with level 4 warnings (Do not travel), like for Wuhan in China.
  11. For level 3 warning (like currently India for Singapore), travel only if must, and minimize time spent in airports by scheduling direct flights, if possible. Avoid stopovers at high-risk airports. Stay for as short a time as possible. Eliminate unnecessary activities.
  12. Leave an area at the first sign of unrest, or if you feel uneasy.

Dr KK Aggarwal

President CMAAO, HCFI and Past National President IMA

CMAAO Statement on World AIDS Day 2019: Ending the HIV Epidemic in Asia

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A Plan for CMAAO Countries for reducing the incidence of HIV by 75% in 5 years, and by 90% by 2030 has been developed. The key highlights of the plan are:

  1. Today, antiretroviral drugs combined in a single pill taken once a day can enable a person living with HIV to achieve a nearly normal lifespan.
  2. Antiretrovirals can treat HIV, maintain the health of an individual, and prevent transmission of the virus
  3. People living with HIV, and on antiretroviral drugs to achieve and maintain a durably undetectable level of virus, do not transmit HIV. This prevention strategy, is known as Undetectable = Untransmittable, or U=U.
  4. Antiretrovirals in pregnant HIV positive can prevent perinatal transmission of the virus.
  5. ART is recommended for all HIV-infected pregnant women to decrease the rate of perinatal HIV transmission as well as to treat the mother.
  6. For HIV-negative people at risk for HIV, a single pill given daily as pre-exposure prophylaxis, or PrEP, can reduce the risk of acquiring HIV by 99%.
  7. Emergency post-exposure prophylaxis, or PEP, can also prevent HIV from becoming established in the body if initiated within three days of exposure and taken for an additional 28 days.
  8. NIH continue to pursue the development of a safe and effective vaccine to prevent HIV and a cure for those living with HIV.
  9. “Community by Community” approach should be adopted to end the HIV epidemic.
  10. Ensure that hard-to-reach communities; the transgender, black, gay, injection users, and CSW communities — benefit from these strategies.
  11. Test and treat policy: ART (potent three drugs combination) is recommended for all HIV-infected individuals regardless of CD4 cell count.

Dr KK Aggarwal

Padma Shri Awardee

President Confederation of Medical Associations in Asia and Oceania (CMAAO)

Group Editor-in-Chief IJCP Publications

President Heart Care Foundation of India

Past National President IMA

HCFI and RKGIT College jointly organize training on how to save a life in the event of choking for pharmacy students on World Diabetes Day

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Guests at the event gave insights on managing diabetes and preventing complications to students and others present

Ghaziabad, 14th November 2019: The Heart Care Foundation of India (HCFI), a leading national non-profit organization, committed to making India a healthier and disease-free nation, in association with the Raj Kumar Institute of Technology (Pharmacy division), Ghaziabad, recently organized a programme commemorating World Diabetes Day.

Dr K K Aggarwal, President Heart Care Foundation of India and CMAAO was the Chief Guest for the event and Shri Laxman Prasad from RKGIT was the Guest of Honor. The delegation from HCFI included Dr (Major) Prachi Garg, Mr Saurabh Aggarwal, Ms Poonam Gupta, Mr Deepak Verma, Mr Sanjeev Khanna, Mr Dheeraj Kumar, Ms Ritu Manjhi, Ms Vandana Rawat, Mr Ram Singh, Mr Daya Ram, Mr Himanshu and Ms Sabina.

During the event, all pharmacy students from RKGIT were trained on how to save a life in the event of choking. The guests present gave their valuable insights on various aspects related to diabetes and its management. Dr Monica Sachdeva, Ms Supriya, and Mr Akshat from RKGIT were also present at the event.

Speaking to the students, Dr KK Aggarwal, said, “The mantra to avert diabetes or even prevent the complications associated with the condition should be ‘meetha bolo, kadwa khao’. Diabetes is assuming epidemic proportions in India and the need of the hour is large-scale awareness on the condition. People should take proactive steps to follow a healthy lifestyle right from a young age.”

Adding his comments, Shri Laxman Prasad, said, “All students should be aware of how to save a life in case someone is choking. First aid is something that everyone should learn, and lifesaving techniques can come to the aid of someone who is suffering. As students of medicine, this should be your first responsibility.”

Dr (Major) Prachi Garg, added, “One of the major risk factors that can worsen the symptoms and outcomes of diabetes is oppressing one’s emotions. One should avoid taking undue stress and ensure that they stay calm and happy.”

HCFI regularly conducts several awareness programmes around the city and the event on World Diabetes Day was also a step towards educating students about other aspects of the condition.

Some tips to prevent diabetes from HCFI

  • A diet rich in whole grain, fruits, and vegetables is very good for the body. Fibrous food will ensure that you feel fuller for a longer period and prevent any cravings. Avoid processed and refined food as much as possible.
  • Limit your alcohol intake and quit smoking. Too much alcohol leads to weight gain and can increase your blood pressure and triglyceride levels. Men should limit drinks to two per day and women to one per day. Smokers are twice as likely to develop diabetes as non-smokers and therefore, it is a good idea to quit this habit.
  • Understand your risk factors as it can help you in taking preventive measures at the earliest and avoid complications.

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